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|Title: ||Whistleblowing: a new lens in the role of norms and values for research integrity|
|Authors: ||Aubert Bonn, Noemie|
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Citation: ||Whistleblowers and the exposure of clinical research misconduct, Geneva - Switzerland, 17–20 November/2015|
|Abstract: ||Integrity in research has taken solid grounds in the past few years and is now addressed by a great number of academic institutions, research groups, and research organisations. Yet, the emergence of solutions and techniques to tackle misconduct and promote integrity is still young, and the different aspects of such techniques are still being explored.
In past research, we found that most guidance on research integrity can be categorized under two dominant approaches: norm-based and value-based approaches. Norm-based approaches mostly describe specific behaviours and address individual researchers; they usually warn researchers about professional sanctions that can result from research misconduct. Value-based approaches tend to be broad, open, and to take relationships or even the entire society into account; they often describe misconduct as a threat for science, knowledge, healthcare, and society. From past analyses of guidance on research integrity, I had come to the conclusion that value-based approaches, rather than norm-based, should be promoted to cultivate integrity in research; a belief that I extended in the thought that a strong value-based vision of science might be the key to stimulate whistleblowing in the research community. Nonetheless, accounts and reports of whistleblowing discussed during the workshop redirected my ideas to a more tempered, realistic recommendation in the cultivation of integrity.
In my presentation, I will sustain that values may be a necessary, yet not sufficient condition to promote whistleblowing. In other words, even though a reinforcement of values in science may groom the culture of research integrity and thereby encourage denunciations and tackling of misconduct, institutes and research organisation must put in place strict rules and norms to protect wistleblowers and ensure the continuation of their career and their reputational safety. Extending these thoughts, I will revisit my former recommendations sustaining that norms may play a necessary role not only in whistleblowing, but also in the broader domain of research integrity and that they should be part of research codes of conduct and integrity guidance.|
|Type: ||Conference Material|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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