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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19807

Title: Modeling personal exposure to air pollution with AB²C: Environmental inequality
Authors: Dons, Evi
Kochan, Bruno
Bellemans, Tom
Wets, Geert
Int Panis, Luc
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Citation: Shakshuki, E Yasar, A. (Ed.). 5th international conference on ambient systems, networks and technologies (ANT-2014), the 4th international conference on sustainable energy information technology (SEIT-2014), p. 269-276
Series/Report: Procedia Computer Science
Series/Report no.: 32
Abstract: The AB(2)C model (Activity-Based modeling framework for Black Carbon exposure assessment) was developed to assess personal exposure to air pollution, more specifically black carbon. Currently the model calculates exposure in Flanders, an urbanized region in Western Europe. This model is characterized by the use of time-activity patterns, and air pollution concentrations with a high spatial and temporal resolution, including indoors and in the transport microenvironment. This model can be used for disaggregated exposure assessment or the evaluation of policy scenarios. In this paper, exposure of people from a lower socioeconomic class (SEC) is compared to the exposure of people from a higher SEC. In most North American studies, it is reported that poorer people are exposed to higher concentrations and suffer more from health effects associated with elevated exposure to air pollution. In Europe, fewer studies exist in this field, and results are not always conclusive. In this study, people from a lower SEC were found to be exposed to higher concentrations at home, but 'richer' people travel more, especially in traffic peak hours. This results in an average exposure that is higher for members of a lower SEC, but inhaled doses are similar in both groups. This analysis suggests that differences in health impact between the groups are almost completely explainable by increased susceptibility to air pollution health effects, and not by increased air pollutant intake. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Notes: [Dons, Evi; Panis, Luc Int] Vlaamse Instelling Technol Onderzoek, B-2400 Mol, Belgium. [Kochan, Bruno; Bellemans, Tom; Wets, Geert; Panis, Luc Int] Hasselt Univ, Transportat Res Inst IMOB, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19807
DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2014.05.424
ISI #: 000361562600032
ISSN: 1877-0509
Category: C1
Type: Proceedings Paper
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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