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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19671

Title: Surrogate properties of survival endpoints in metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma: A meta-analysis.
Authors: Savina, Marion
Litiere, Saskia
Penel, Nicolas
Rondeau, Virginie
Burzykowski, Tomasz
Toulmonde, Maud
Italiano, Antoine
Mathoulin-Pelissier, Simone
Bellera, Carine A.
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: Alternative endpoints to overall survival (OS) such as progresion-free survival (PFS), time-to-progression (TTP) or time-to-treatment failure (TTF) are increasingly used to assess treatment efficacy in randomized controlled trials (RCT) to reduce inclusions and trials’ duration. Their properties in terms of surrogate markers need to be assessed to ensure that they can adequately replace OS. Methods: We conducted a literature review to summarize by cancer type studies evaluating surrogate endpoints for OS. In the absence of data for soft-tissue sarcoma (STS), we assessed surrogate properties for OS of PFS, TTP and TTF in advanced STS. We relied on a meta-analytical framework to estimate individual-level association (association between the candidate surrogate endpoint and OS) and trial-level association (association between the treatment effects on the candidate surrogate and on OS). Statistical methods included weighted linear regression (WLR) and the two-stage method introduced by Burzykowski et al., which relies on the joint modeling of 2 survival endpoints with a copula function and a regression model. Results: Individual data of 2020 patients from 10 European RCTs were analyzed. We censored OS at 2 years and PFS, TTP and TTF at 1 year. Regardless of the method, the highest individual-level association was observed for PFS (R² = 0.62 IC95% [0.27; 0.76]; Kendall's tau = 0.43 IC95% [0.40; 0.46]). Even if WLR suggested that PFS had the highest trial-level association, it was not significant for any of the two methods (WLR: R² = 0.44 IC95% [0.00; 0.69]; two-stage model: R² = 0.01 IC95% [-0.46; 0.48]). Conclusions: Out of the 3 endpoints, PFS had the best surrogate properties. Associations with OS were however moderate and cannot validate PFS as a surrogate for OS. This could be partly explained by a lack of precision due to our small sample size in terms of patients and trials. STS are rare tumors ( < 2% of all cancers) which explains the low number of available trials with usually smaller sample sizes compared to other cancers. We are however collecting additional trials to improve these estimations and complementary analyses are ongoing to validate our regression models on external data.
Notes: ISPED, Canc Axis, INSERM, U897, Bordeaux, France. European Org Res & Treatment Canc Stat Dept, Brussels, Belgium. Ctr Oscar Lambret, Dept Gen Oncol, F-59020 Lille, France. ISPED, Biostat Unit, INSERM, U897, Bordeaux, France. Hasselt Univ, Ctr Stat, Diepenbeek, Belgium. Inst Bergonie, Dept Med Oncol, Bordeaux, France. CLCC Inst Bergonie, Bordeaux, France.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19671
ISI #: 000358036900185
ISSN: 0732-183X
Category: M
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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