Document Server@UHasselt >
Research >
Research publications >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19163

Title: Health impact assessment of active transportation: A systematic review
Authors: Mueller, Natalie
Rojas-Rueda, David
Cole-Hunter, Torn
de Nazelle, Audrey
Gerike, Regine
Goetschi, Thomas
Kahlmeier, Sonja
Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, 76, p. 103-114
Abstract: Objective. Walking and cycling for transportation (i.e. active transportation, AT), provide substantial health benefits from increased physical activity (PA). However, risks of injury from exposure to motorized traffic and their emissions (i.e. air pollution) exist. The objective was to systematically review studies conducting health impact assessment (HIA) of a mode shift to AT on grounds of associated health benefits and risks. Methods. Systematic database searches of MEDLINE, Web of Science and Transportation Research International Documentation were performed by two independent researchers, augmented by bibliographic review, internet searches and expert consultation to identify peer-reviewed studies from inception to December 2014. Results. Thirty studies were included, originating predominantly from Europe, but also the United States, Australia and New Zealand. They compromised of mostly HIA approaches of comparative risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis. Estimated health benefit-risk or benefit-cost ratios of a mode shift to AT ranged between -2 and 360 (median = 9). Effects of increased PA contributed the most to estimated health benefits, which strongly outweighed detrimental effects of traffic incidents and air pollution exposure on health. Conclusion. Despite different HIA methodologies being applied with distinctive assumptions on key parameters, AT can provide substantial net health benefits, irrespective of geographical context. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Mueller, Natalie; Rojas-Rueda, David; Cole-Hunter, Torn; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark] Ctr Res Environm Epidemiol CREAL, Barcelona 08003, Spain. [Mueller, Natalie; Rojas-Rueda, David; Cole-Hunter, Torn] UPF, Barcelona 08003, Spain. [Mueller, Natalie; Rojas-Rueda, David; Cole-Hunter, Torn; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark] CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Pabl CIBERESP, Madrid 28029, Spain. [de Nazelle, Audrey] Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Ctr Environm Policy, London SW7 2AZ, England. [Dons, Evi; Panis, Luc Int] Flemish Inst Technol Res VITO, B-2400 Mol, Belgium. [Dons, Evi] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Gerike, Regine] Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Inst Transport Studies, A-1190 Vienna, Austria. [Goetschi, Thomas; Kahlmeier, Sonja] Univ Zurich, Epidemiol Biostat & Prevent Inst, Phys Activ & Hlth Unit, CH-8001 Zurich, Switzerland. [Panis, Luc Int] Hasselt Univ, Sch Mobil, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19163
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.04.010
ISI #: 000358189100016
ISSN: 0091-7435
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

Files in This Item:

Description SizeFormat
published version421.41 kBAdobe PDF

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.