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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19095

Title: Crop residue management and oxalate-extractable iron and aluminium explain long-term soil organic carbon sequestration and dynamics
Authors: Van De Vreken, Philippe
Gobin, Anne
Baken, S.
Van Holm, L.
Verhasselt, Anneleen
Smolders, E.
Merckx, R.
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: European journal of soil science , 67 (3), p. 322-340.
Abstract: The management of crop residues affects carbon (C)-sequestration. This study aimed to identify the interaction between residue management and soil properties on C-sequestration. The hypothesis was that larger silt and clay contents and larger residue inputs enhance C-sequestration. The soil was sampled in Belgium in long-term (≥15 years) cropping systems with grain maize, Zea mays L. (all stover (leaves and stalks) returned), silage maize (all stover removed) or permanent grass. The fields sampled were distributed over two adjacent regions; one with sandy soil (33% silt+clay) and one with silty loam soil (71% silt+clay). The 13C abundance of the soil organic carbon (SOC) revealed that topsoil (0–30 cm) under grain maize contained more maize-derived SOC than that under silage maize (14±1 and 9±1 Mg C ha−1, respectively, P<0.001, in sand, and 17±1 and 14±1 Mg C ha−1, respectively, P<0.001, in silty loam). Total SOC stocks were unaffected by crop management, however, which suggests substitution of native SOC by fresh SOC derived from residues, especially in sandy soil where the silt and clay fraction is saturated with SOC. The maize-derived SOC stocks of the silty loam soil are 3.5–5.5 Mg C ha−1 larger than those of the sandy soil, which confirms the larger potential of the former to sequester C. Surprisingly, the native C3-SOC stocks in the sandy soil were 25–30 Mg C ha−1 larger than those of the silty loam soil. The concentration of SOC in the silt and clay fraction was on average three times larger for the sandy than for the silty loam soil. The concentration of oxalate-extractable Al and Fe in the same fraction was on average 2.5 times larger for sandy than for silty loam soil. Silt and clay-associated SOC correlated with the Fe+ Al concentration across all regions and treatments (R2 =0.62). This suggests that organo-mineral associations and the formation of organo-metal complexes promote C-sequestration in this temperate region.
Notes: Van De Vreken, P (reprint author), Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Kasteelpk Arenberg 20,Box 2459, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium. philippe_van_de_vreken@hotmail.com
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/19095
DOI: 10.1111/ejss.12343
ISI #: 000384745600010
ISSN: 1351-0754
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2017
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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