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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18925

Title: A comparative proteome analysis reveals flagellin, chemotaxis regulated proteins and amylovoran to be involved in virulence differences between Erwinia amylovora strains.
Authors: HOLTAPPELS, Michelle
VRANCKEN, Kristof
Schoofs, H.
Deckers, T.
REMANS, Tony
NOBEN, Jean-Paul
VALCKE, Roland
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Journal of Proteomics, 123, p. 54-69
Abstract: Erwinia amylovora is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes the destructive disease fire blight affecting most members of the Rosaceae family, of which apple and pear are economically the most important hosts. E. amylovora has been considered as a homogeneous species in whole, although significant differences in virulence patterns have been observed. However, the underlying causes of the differences in virulence remain to be discovered. In a first-time comparative proteomic approach using E. amylovora, 2D differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE) was used to identify proteins that could explain the gradual difference in virulence between four different strains. Two important proteins were identified, FliC and CheY, both involved in flagella structure, motility and chemotaxis, which were more abundant in the least virulent strain. In the highly virulent strains the protein GalF, involved in amylovoran production, was more abundant, which was consistent with the higher expression of the gene and the higher amylovoran content in this strain in vitro. Together, these results confirm the involvement of amylovoran in virulence, but also imply an indirect role of flagellin in virulence as elicitor of plant defence. Biological significance This research provides new insights into our current understanding of the virulence of Erwinia amylovora. This plant-pathogen is considered a homogeneous species although different strains show differences in virulence. Despite the efforts made on the genomic level which resulted in the discovery of virulence factors, the reason for the different virulence patterns between strains has not yet been identified. In our lab we used a comparative proteomic approach, which has never been published before, to identify proteins involved in these differences between strains and hereby possibly involved in virulence. Our results provide interesting insights in virulence and present us with the opportunity to glance into the proteome of E. amylovora.
Notes: Corresponding author at: Molecular and Physical Plant Physiology, Faculty of Sciences, Hasselt University, Belgium. Tel.: +32 11 268381; fax: +32 11 268301. E-mail address: roland.valcke@uhasselt.be (R. Valcke).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18925
DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2015.03.036
ISI #: 000356123700005
ISSN: 1874-3919
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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