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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18722

Title: Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists
Authors: Kohler, Annegret
Kuo, Alan
Nagy, Laszlo G.
Morin, Emmanuelle
Barry, Kerrie W.
Buscot, Francois
Canbäck, Björn
Choi, Cindy
Cichocki, Nicolas
Clum, Alicia
COLPAERT, Jan
Copeland, Alex
Costa, Mauricio D.
Doré, Jeanne
Floudas, Dimitrios
Gay, Gilles
Girlanda, Mariangela
Henrissat, Bernard
Herrmann, Sylvie
Hess, Jaqueline
Högberg, Nils
Johansson, Tomas
Khouja, Hassine-Radhouane
LaButti, Kurt
Lahrmann, Urs
Levasseur, Anthony
Lindquist, Erika A.
Lipzen, Anna
Marmeisse, Roland
Martino, Elena
Murat, Claude
Ngan, Chew Y.
Nehls, Uwe
Plett, Jonathan M.
Pringle, Anne
Ohm, Robin A.
Perotto, Silvia
Peter, Martina
Riley, Robert
RINEAU, Francois
RUYTINX, Joske
Salamov, Asaf
Shah, Firoz
Sun, Hui
Tarkka, Mika
Tritt, Andrew
Veneault-Fourrey, Claire
Zuccaro, Alga
Tunlid, Anders
Grigoriev, Igor V.
Hibbett, David S.
Martin, Francis
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: NATURE GENETICS, 47 (4), p. 410-415
Abstract: To elucidate the genetic bases of mycorrhizal lifestyle evolution, we sequenced new fungal genomes, including 13 ectomycorrhizal (ECM), orchid (ORM) and ericoid (ERM) species, and five saprotrophs, which we analyzed along with other fungal genomes. Ectomycorrhizal fungi have a reduced complement of genes encoding plant cell wall–degrading enzymes (PCWDEs), as compared to their ancestral wood decayers. Nevertheless, they have retained a unique array of PCWDEs, thus suggesting that they possess diverse abilities to decompose lignocellulose. Similar functional categories of nonorthologous genes are induced in symbiosis. Of induced genes, 7–38% are orphan genes, including genes that encode secreted effector-like proteins. Convergent evolution of the mycorrhizal habit in fungi occurred via the repeated evolution of a ‘symbiosis toolkit’, with reduced numbers of PCWDEs and lineage-specific suites of mycorrhiza-induced genes.
Notes: Martin, F (reprint author), INRA, Lab Excellence Adv Res Biol Tree & Forest Ecosyst, UMR 1136, Champenoux, France. DHibbett@clarku.edu; fmartin@nancy.inra.fr
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18722
DOI: 10.1038/ng.3223
ISI #: 000351922900020
ISSN: 1061-4036
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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