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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18625

Title: Attitudes and stigma in relation to help-seeking intentions for psychological problems in low and high suicide rate regions
Authors: Reynders, A.
Kerhof, A.J.F.M.
Molenberghs, Geert
Van Audenhove, C.
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Purpose Accessibility and availability of mental health care services are necessary but not sufficient for people to seek help for psychological problems. Attitudes and stigma related to help seeking also determine help seeking intentions. The aim of this study is to investigate how crossnational differences in attitudes and stigma within the general population are related to professional and informal help seeking intentions in low and high suicide rate regions. Methods By means of a postal structured questionnaire, data of 2999 Dutch and Flemish respondents between 18 and 65 years were gathered. Attitudes toward help seeking, perceived stigma, self-stigma, shame and intention to seek help were assessed. Results People in the Netherlands, where suicide rates are low, have more positive attitudes toward help seeking and experience less self stigma and shame compared to the people in Flanders, where suicide rates are relatively high. These attitudinal factors predicted professional as well as informal help seeking intentions. Perceived stigma was negatively associated with informal help seeking. Shame was positively associated with higher intention to use psychotropic drugs and perceived stigma was negatively associated with the intention to seek help from a psychotherapist in Flanders but not in the Netherlands. Conclusion Help seeking for psychological problems prevent these problems to aggravate and it is assumed to be a protective factor for suicide. Our results stress the importance of the promotion of positive attitudes and the reduction of stigma within the general population to facilitate help seeking from professional providers and informal networks. Focusing on these attitudinal factors is believed to be a key aspect of universal mental health and suicide prevention policies.
Notes: E-mail Addresses:alexandre.reynders@hubrussel.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/18625
DOI: 10.1007/s00127-013-0745-4
ISI #: 000334162200007
ISSN: 0933-7954
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2015
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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