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|Title: ||Unilateral and bilateral upper limb dysfunction at body functions, activity and participation levels in people with multiple sclerosis.|
|Authors: ||Bertoni, Rita|
Chen, Christine C.
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Citation: ||Multiple Sclerosis Journal, 21 (12), p. 1566-1574|
There has been limited research on upper limb dysfunction in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS).
The objective of this paper is to study unilateral and bilateral upper limb dysfunction at different International Classification of Functioning (ICF) levels according to overall disability in PwMS.
A total of 105 PwMS (16 with EDSS<4 (mild); 17 with EDSS 4-5.5 (moderate); 37 with EDSS 6-6.5 (severe); 35 with EDSS>6.5 (severe non-ambulant)) were recruited from two rehabilitation centers and assessed in a cross-sectional study.
The whole sample showed a diminished sensory function (median (first/third interquartile)) score of 3 (2/3) on the Monofilament Test and a reduced strength 91 (76/100) points on the Motricity Index (Body-Function level). Sensory dysfunction did not increase with higher EDSS while strength decreased from 100 (86/100) in the mild subgroups to 91 (80/100) points in the severe subgroup. All showed diminished dexterity, scoring 0.28 peg/s (0.17/0.35) on the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) (activity level). Score was better for the mild (0.38 (0.35/0.46)) peg/s compared to the severe subgroup (0.28 (0.17/0.35)). Sixty-eight percent, 44% and 75% of PwMS showed bilateral disorders in sensation, strength and dexterity, respectively. The Community Integration Questionnaire (participation level) showed a 35% reduction in home activities, even among PwMS with EDSS<4.
This study showed uni-/bilateral upper limb abnormalities at all ICF levels increasing with the overall disability.|
|Notes: ||Correspondence to: Davide Cattaneo
LaRiCE, Servizio riabilitazione neurologica adulti (Int. 282), Don Gnocchi Foundation, I.R.C.C.S., V. Capecelatro 66 – 20148 Milan, Italy. email@example.com|
|Link to publication: ||http://msj.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/01/29/1352458514567553.long|
|ISI #: ||000362529200010|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Validation: ||ecoom, 2016|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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