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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/17087

Title: Assessment of the sustainability guidelines of EU Renewable Energy Directive: the case of biorefineries
Authors: MAES, Dries
VAN DAEL, Miet
VANHEUSDEN, Bernard
Goovaerts, Liesbet
Reumerman, Patrick
Marquez-Luzardo, Nathalie
VAN PASSEL, Steven
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, 88, p. 61-70
Abstract: Sustainability guidelines can help to safeguard the sustainable use of biological materials. When these guidelines are legally prescribed, their influence on the economic viability of bioenergy, biofuel and bioliquid projects is increased substantially, through their impact on national subsidy regimes and international trade. One of the key examples is the European directive 2009/28/EC, or the Renewable Energy Directive (RED), and the related COM/2010/11 that integrate guidelines for calculating greenhouse gas impact for various bioenergy pathways. This paper looks further into the sustainability results when influenced by principal decisions that are legally open for debate. Therefore, a concise review is conducted of the legal state-of-the-art on whether a product is waste or not. The review pinpoints uncertainty, leading to four potential legal scenarios. The sustainability of a complex biorefinery is analysed for each scenario. The results show (i) a high sensitivity to the principal decisions on the nature of waste materials in the scenarios, and (ii) to the definition of boundaries between the processes. More detailed rules for the application of the RED guidelines are needed, and should be complemented with methods specifically targeting all relevant sustainability aspects, thereby enhancing the overall understanding of the sustainability of the process.
Notes: E-mail addresses: dries.maes@uhasselt.be (D. Maes), miet.vandael@uhasselt.be, miet.vandael@vito.be (M. Van Dael), bernard.vanheusden@uhasselt.be (B. Vanheusden), reumerman@btgworld.com (P. Reumerman), nm. marquezluzardo@avans.nl (N. Márquez Luzardo), steven.vanpassel@uhasselt.be (S. Van Passel).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/17087
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.04.051
ISI #: 000347771100007
ISSN: 0959-6526
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2016
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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