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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/17025

Title: Valorization of raspberry seed cake by flash and slow pyrolysis: Product yield and characterization of the liquid and solid fraction
Authors: SMETS, Koen
SCHREURS, Sonja
CARLEER, Robert
YPERMAN, Jan
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation: JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS, 107, p. 289-297
Abstract: The valorization of raspberry seed cake by flash and slow pyrolysis is investigated in this study. During flash pyrolysis, temperature significantly affects the yield and properties of the products. The highest liquid yield (53.6 wt%) is found at 450 degrees C. This liquid has a water content (26.2 wt%), a HHV (18.6 MJ/kg) and a pH-value (3.2) that are comparable to those of pyrolysis liquids produced by flash pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. In terms of added-value chemicals, levoglucosan and phenols are interesting compounds because of their high economic value. The solid residue has potential as solid energy carrier at industrial scale because of its high energy content (24.5 MJ/kg). Pyrolysis liquid from slow pyrolysis of raspberry seed cake is collected in three fractions as a function of pyrolysis temperature. Fraction 1 (220-320 degrees C) and fraction 2 (320-350 degrees C) are single-phased and have a high water content. In contrast, fraction 3 (350-450 degrees C) spontaneously separates in two fractions. The organic fraction (12.1 wt%), mainly composed of phenols, is promising as renewable fuel because of its relatively high calorific value (27.0 MJ/kg) and its relatively low water content (9.3 wt%). The aqueous fraction (10.2 wt%) has a high water content (67.4 wt%), but also contains a high amount of levoglucosan. The solid residue can be valorized as solid energy carrier because of its high calorific value (30.9 MJ/kg) or as precursor in the production of activated carbon. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Smets, K.; Schreurs, S.; Carleer, R.; Yperman, J.] Hasselt Univ, CMK, Res Grp Appl & Analyt Chem, B-3590 Diepenzbeek, Belgium. [Schreurs, S.] Hasselt Univ, CMK, NuTeC, B-3590 Diepenzbeek, Belgium. jan.yperman@uhasselt.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/17025
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2014.03.014
ISI #: 000336868000037
ISSN: 0165-2370
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2015
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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