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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16503

Title: The surface nitrogen abundance of a massive star in relation to its oscillations, rotation, and magnetic field
Authors: Aerts, Conny
Molenberghs, Geert
Kenward, Michael G.
Neiner, Coralie
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 781 (2), (ART N° 88)
Abstract: We have composed a sample of 68 massive stars in our galaxy whose projected rotational velocity, effective temperature and gravity are available from highprecision spectroscopic measurements. The additional seven observed variables considered here are their surface nitrogen abundance, rotational frequency, magnetic field strength, and the amplitude and frequency of their dominant acoustic and gravity mode of oscillation. Multiple linear regression to estimate the nitrogen abundance combined with principal components analysis, after addressing the incomplete and truncated nature of the data, reveals that the effective temperature and the frequency of the dominant acoustic oscillation mode are the only two significant predictors for the nitrogen abundance, while the projected rotational velocity and the rotational frequency have no predictive power. The dominant gravity mode and the magnetic field strength are correlated with the effective temperature but have no predictive power for the nitrogen abundance. Our findings are completely based on observations and their proper statistical treatment and call for a new strategy in evaluating the outcome of stellar evolution computations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16503
DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/781/2/88
ISI #: 000331171200032
ISSN: 0004-637X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2015
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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