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|Title: ||Tricuspid annuloplasty concomitant with mitral valve surgery: Effects on right ventricular remodeling|
|Authors: ||BERTRAND, Philippe|
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Citation: ||JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, 147 (4), p. 1256-1264|
|Abstract: ||OBJECTIVES: Tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TVP) has been advocated concomitantly with left-sided cardiac surgery in case of more than moderate tricuspid regurgitation (TR) or tricuspid annular dilation (TAD) (diameter >40 mm or 21 mm/m²) even in the absence of significant TR. Data on postoperative right ventricular (RV) remodeling are lacking in such patients.
METHODS: Preoperative and postoperative echocardiography data from 45 consecutive TVP procedures, performed in mitral valve surgery in a single tertiary center, were retrospectively analyzed and compared with a propensity-matched control group of 33 procedures without concomitant TVP. RV function and geometry was analyzed by measuring RV size, fractional area change, and end-diastolic sphericity index (RVSI = long-axis length/short-axis width) and compared at baseline versus follow-up.
RESULTS: At a mean follow-up of 5 months, a favorable change in RV geometry was observed in TVP patients (RVSI increased from 1.99 ± 0.33 to 2.21 ± 0.42; P = .001), whereas the opposite was observed in the control group (RVSI decreased from 2.34 ± 0.52 to 2.17 ± 0.13; P = .05). Only in control patients, indexed RV end-diastolic area increased significantly (P = .003). In TVP patients, when comparing patients with baseline more than moderate TR (n = 13) to patients with isolated TAD (n = 32), there was a significant decrease in RV end-diastolic area only in the group with more than moderate TR (from 12.9 ± 3.5 cm2/m2 to 10.3 ± 1.9 cm2/m2; P = .009).
CONCLUSIONS: Adding TVP to mitral valve surgery in patients with more than moderate TR or TAD leads to favorable changes in RV geometry and prevents postoperative RV dilation. This is most pronounced in patients with more than moderate TR at baseline.|
|Notes: ||Bertrand, PB (reprint author), Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Dept Cardiol, Schiepse Bos 6, B-3600 Genk, Belgium, firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Link to publication: ||http://www.jtcvsonline.org/article/S0022-5223%2813%2900563-1/abstract|
|ISI #: ||000332772200038|
|Type: ||Journal Contribution|
|Validation: ||ecoom, 2015|
|Appears in Collections: ||Research publications|
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