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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16398

Title: An organ-based approach to dose calculation in the assessment of dose-dependent biological effects of ionising radiation in Arabidopsis thaliana
Authors: BIERMANS, Geert
HOREMANS, Nele
VANHOUDT, Nathalie
VANDENHOVE, Hildegarde
SAENEN, Eline
VAN HEES, May
WANNIJN, Jean
VIVES I BATLLE, Jordi
CUYPERS, Ann
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY, p. 24–30
Abstract: There is a need for a better understanding of biological effects of radiation exposure in non-human biota. Correct description of these effects requires a more detailed model of dosimetry than that available in current risk assessment tools, particularly for plants. In this paper, we propose a simple model for dose calculations in roots and shoots of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings exposed to radionuclides in a hydroponic exposure setup. This model is used to compare absorbed doses for three radionuclides, 241Am (aradiation), 90Sr (b-radiation) and 133Ba (g radiation). Using established dosimetric calculation methods, dose conversion coefficient values were determined for each organ separately based on uptake data from the different plant organs. These calculations were then compared to the DCC values obtained with the ERICA tool under equivalent geometry assumptions. When comparing with our new method, the ERICA tool appears to overestimate internal doses and underestimate external doses in the roots for all three radionuclides, though each to a different extent. These observations might help to refine doseeresponse relationships. The DCC values for 90Sr in roots are shown to deviate the most. A doseeeffect curve for 90Sr b-radiation has been established on biomass and photosynthesis endpoints, but no significant dosedependent effects are observed. This indicates the need for use of endpoints at the molecular and physiological scale.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/16398
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2013.03.011
ISSN: 0265-931X
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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