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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15337

Title: Clinical Changes in Older Adults During Hospitalization: Responsiveness of the interRAI Acute Care Instrument
Authors: Wellens, Nathalie I. H.
Flamaing, Johan
Moons, Philip
Boonen, Steven
Tournoy, Jos
Milisen, Koen
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Objectives To evaluate the responsiveness of the Minimum Data Set interRAI Acute Care (AC), a comprehensive geriatric assessment system, to detect clinical changes in patient status during hospital stays. Design An explorative secondary data-analysis comparing prospectively collected data with the interRAI AC before hospitalization, upon admission, and at discharge. Setting Clinicians from multiple disciplines in nine geriatric and eight nongeriatric wards of nine acute hospitals performed the assessment. Participants The interRAI AC was administered serially to 256 geriatric inpatients (aged 83.2 +/- 5.2; 60% female). Measurements Responsiveness (capacity to detect changes in patients) was calculated for the output scales on five domains: activities of daily living (ADLs), cognition, communication, depressive symptoms, and pain. Internal responsiveness was evaluated using the Friedman test and Guyatt technique. Results Significant differences in clinical status were found for all five domains, based on the Friedman test. Post hoc tests revealed differences between each assessment period, except for cognition and communication from admission to discharge and for depressive symptoms from before admission to discharge. The Guyatt Responsiveness Index showed good to excellent capacity to detect longitudinal changes during hospitalization for cognition, communication, and pain and substantial performance for ADLs and depressive symptoms. Conclusion In older inpatients, fluctuations in ADLs, cognition, communication, depressive symptoms, and pain can be captured using the interRAI AC output scales, enabling clinicians to evaluate longitudinal changes from admission to discharge and to provide a comparison with patient status before the acute onset of the illness. These results support the use of these scales in geriatric and nongeriatric wards.
Notes: Milisen, K (reprint author), Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Hlth Serv & Nursing Res, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Interuniv Inst Biostat & Stat Bioinformat, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. Univ Hasselt, Hasselt, Belgium. Katholieke Univ Leuven, Div Gerontol & Geriatr, B-3000 Louvain, Belgium. Katholieke Univ Leuven Hosp, Div Geriatr Med, Louvain, Belgium. koen.milisen@med.kuleuven.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15337
DOI: 10.1111/jgs.12208
ISI #: 000319002100017
ISSN: 0002-8614
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2014
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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