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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15319

Title: Importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity and exercise in the management of cardiovascular health in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors: recommendations from the EACPR (Part II)
Authors: Vanhees, Luc
Geladas, Nikos
Hansen, Dominique
Kouidi, Evangelina
Niebauer, Joseph
Reiner, Zelkjo
Cornelissen, Veronique
Adamopoulos, Stamatis
Prescott, Elke
Borjesson, Mats
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
Citation: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY, 19 (5), p. 1005-1033
Abstract: In a previous paper, as the first of a series of three on the importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity (PA) and exercise in the management of cardiovascular health within the general population, we concluded that, in the population at large, PA and aerobic exercise capacity clearly are inversely associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and that a dose-response curve on cardiovascular outcome has been demonstrated in most studies. More and more evidence is accumulated that engaging in regular PA and exercise interventions are essential components for reducing the severity of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity and abdominal fat, high BP, metabolic risk factors, and systemic inflammation. However, it is less clear whether and which type of PA and exercise intervention (aerobic exercise, dynamic resistive exercise, or both) or characteristic of exercise (frequency, intensity, time or duration, and volume) would yield more benefit for each separate risk factor. The present paper, therefore, will review and make recommendations for PA and exercise training in the management of cardiovascular health in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors. The guidance offered in this series of papers is aimed at medical doctors, health practitioners, kinesiologists, physiotherapists and exercise physiologists, politicians, public health policy makers, and individual members of the public. Based on previous and the current literature overviews, recommendations from the European Association on Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation are formulated regarding type, volume, and intensity of PA and regarding appropriate risk evaluation during exercise in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors.
Notes: Vanhees, L (reprint author), Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Rehabil Sci, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium. Univ Athens, Athens, Greece. Univ Hasselt, Diepenbeek, Belgium. Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, GR-54006 Thessaloniki, Greece. Paracelsus Med Univ, Salzburg, Austria. Univ Hosp Ctr Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia. Onassis Cardiac Surg Ctr, Athens, Greece. Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark. Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Gothenburg, Sweden. Luc.Vanhees@faber.kuleuven.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15319
DOI: 10.1177/1741826711430926
ISI #: 000309527700013
ISSN: 1741-8267
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2014
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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