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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15313

Title: Activity-Based Modeling to Predict Spatial and Temporal Power Demand of Electric Vehicles in Flanders, Belgium
Authors: KNAPEN, Luk
KOCHAN, Bruno
BELLEMANS, Tom
JANSSENS, Davy
WETS, Geert
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: NATL ACAD SCIENCES
Citation: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD (2287), p. 146-154
Abstract: Electric power demand for household-generated traffic was estimated as a function of time and space for the region of Flanders, Belgium. An activity-based model was used to predict traffic demand. Electric vehicle (EV) type and charger characteristics were determined on the basis of car ownership and on the assumption that the market shares of EV categories would be similar to the current ones for internal combustion engine vehicles published in government statistics. Charging opportunities at home and work locations were derived from the predicted schedules and the estimation of the possibility to charge at work. Simulations were run for several levels of EV market penetration and for specific ratios of battery-only electric vehicles (BEVs) to pluggable hybrid electric vehicles. A single car was used to drive all trips in a daily schedule. Most of the Flemish schedules could be driven entirely by a BEV even after the published range values were reduced to account for range anxiety and for the overestimated ranges resulting from tests in accordance with standards. The current overnight period for low-tariff electricity was found to be sufficiently long to allow for individual cost optimizing while minimizing the peaks for overall power demand.
Notes: Wets, G (reprint author), Hasselt Univ, Transportat Res Inst IMOB, Wetenschapspk 5,Bus 6, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. geert.wets@uhasselt.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15313
DOI: 10.3141/2287-18
ISI #: 000311918500019
ISSN: 0361-1981
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2014
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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