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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15062

Title: Hydrothermal synthesis of a concentrated and stable dispersion of TiO2 nanoparticles
Authors: Souvereyns, B.
Elen, K.
De Dobbelaere, C.
Kelchtermans, A.
Peys, N.
D'Haen, Jan
Mertens, Myrjam
Mullens, S.
Van den Rul, H.
Meynen, Vera
Cool, P.
Hardy, A.
Van Bael, M.K.
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 223, p. 135-144
Abstract: A low temperature method for the preparation of an aqueous dispersion of 10 wt.% of TiO2 nanoparticles with prolonged stability is presented. This stable, aqueous dispersion is obtained by a two-step, hydrothermal synthesis method using a maximum temperature of 130 °C. The hydrothermal treatment of pre-synthesized crystalline nanoparticles results in a colloidal dispersion with minimal particle agglomeration due to the combination of surface modification, pH adjustment and optimized hydrothermal conditions. The presented procedure can be regarded as an alternative and improved method for the dispersion of TiO2 pre-synthesized nanoparticles in an aqueous medium. The stability (sedimentation and particle agglomeration) of the dispersion is investigated by means of zeta potential measurements, evaluation of viscosity in function of time and interaction potential calculations. Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy are used to characterize the structural and chemical features of the TiO2 nanoparticles. The crystalline nanoparticles in dispersion have dimensions <10 nm and contain 80% anatase and 20% brookite, according to quantitative XRD analysis. Additionally, the hydrothermal treatment not only stabilized the particles but also increased the crystallinity of the particles in dispersion as a supplemental advantage. Experiments show that this dispersion can be used in combination with various deposition techniques to obtain films with different morphologies.
Notes: Reprint Address: Van Bael, MK (reprint author) - Hasselt Univ, Inst Mat Res, Lab Inorgan & Phys Chem, Agoralaan Bldg D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. E-mail Addresses:marlies.vanbael@uhasselt.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/15062
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.02.047
ISI #: 000320631200016
ISSN: 1385-8947
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2014
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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