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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/14792

Title: GIS-BASED location optimization of a biomass conversion plant on contaminated willow in the Campine region (Belgium)
Authors: Voets, Thomas
Neven, An
Thewys, Theo
Kuppens, Tom
Issue Date: 2013
Citation: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY, 55, p. 339-349
Abstract: The Campine region is diffusely contaminated with heavy metals like cadmium. Since traditional excavation techniques are too expensive, phytoremediation is preferred as a remediation technique. In a previous study, the biomass potential from phytoremediation of contaminated agricultural land in the Campine region in Belgium was assessed. Based on recently upgraded figures of willow potential from phytoremediation on agricultural land in the seven most contaminated municipalities of the Belgian Campine region, the current paper uses GIS-knowledge to investigate which of three previously identified locations is most suitable for a biomass plant, taking into account the spatial distribution of the contaminated willow supply and the total cost of willow transport. Biomass transport distance from the centroid of each contaminated agricultural parcel to each of the three potential biomass plant locations was determined following Euclidian distance calculations and distance calculations over the existing road network. A transport cost model consisting of distance fixed and distance dependent biomass transport costs was developed. Of the locations identified, the Overpelt Fabriek site results in the lowest biomass transport distance and costs. When willow allocation for each parcel occurs based on the nearest potential plant location, transport costs are on average 23% lower than when all biomass is transported to the single Overpelt Fabriek site location. Therefore, when only considering transport costs, installing a smaller plant at each of the three potential plant locations would be less expensive than when installing a single biomass plant at the Overpelt Fabriek site.
Notes: Reprint Address: Voets, T (reprint author) - Hasselt Univ, Res Grp Environm Econ, Ctr Environm Sci, Agoralaan Gebouw D, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. E-mail addresses: thomas.voets@uhasselt.be; an.neven@uhasselt.be; theo.thewys@uhasselt.be; tom.kuppens@uhasselt.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/14792
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.02.037
ISI #: 000321595900036
ISSN: 0961-9534
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2014
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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