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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1401

Title: Mechanisms for picrotoxin block of alpha(2) homomeric glycine receptors
Authors: Wang, D.S.
MANGIN, Jean-Marie
Moonen, G
RIGO, Jean-Michel
Legendre, P
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 281(7). p. 3841-3855
Abstract: It is well known that the convulsant alkaloid picrotoxin (PTX) can inhibit neuronal gamma-aminobutyric acid ( GABA) and homomeric glycine receptors (GlyR). However, the mechanism for PTX block of alpha(2) homomeric GlyR is still unclear compared with that of alpha(1) homomeric GlyR, GABA(A), and GABA(C) receptors. Furthermore, PTX effects on GlyR kinetics have been poorly explored at the single-channel level. Hence, we used the patch-clamp technique in the outside-out configuration to investigate the mechanism of PTX suppression of currents carried by alpha(2) homomeric GlyRs stably transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells. PTX inhibited the alpha(2) homomeric GlyR current elicited by glycine in a concentration-dependent and voltage-independent manner. Both competitive and noncompetitive mechanisms were observed. PTX decreased the mean open time of the GlyR channel in a concentration-dependent manner, suggesting that PTX can block channel openings and bind to the receptor in the open channel conformation. When PTX and glycine were co-applied, a small rebound current was observed during drug washout. Application of PTX during the deactivation phase of glycine-induced currents eliminated the rebound current and accelerated the deactivation time course in a concentration-dependent manner. PTX could not bind to the unbound conformation of GlyR, but could be trapped at its binding site when the channel closed during glycine dissociation. Based on these observations, we propose a kinetic Markov model in which PTX binds to the alpha(2) homomeric GlyR in both the open channel state and the fully liganded closed state. Our data suggest a new allosteric mechanism for PTX inhibition of wild-type homomeric alpha(2) GlyR.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1401
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M511022200
ISI #: 000235275300012
ISSN: 0021-9258
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2007
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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