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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13982

Title: Differential Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy and Clinical Outcomes According to QRS Morphology and QRS Duration
Authors: Dupont, Matthias
Rickard, John
Baranowski, Bryan
Varma, Niraj
Dresing, Thomas
Gabi, Alaa
Finucan, Michael
MULLENS, Wilfried
Wilkoff, Bruce L.
Tang, W. H. Wilson
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: Objectives The goal of this study was to examine the relative impact of QRS morphology and duration in echocardiographic responses to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and clinical outcomes. Background At least one-third of all patients treated with CRT fail to derive benefit. Patients without left bundle branch block (LBBB) or patients with smaller QRS duration (QRSd) respond less or not at all to CRT. Methods We retrospectively assessed baseline characteristics, clinical and echocardiographic response, and outcomes of all patients who received CRT at our institution between December 2003 and July 2007. Patients were stratified into 4 groups according to their baseline QRS morphology and QRSd. Results A total of 496 patients were included in the study; 216 (43.5%) had LBBB and a QRSd >= 150 ms, 85 (17.1%) had LBBB and QRSd <150 ms, 92 (18.5%) had non-LBBB and a QRSd >150 ms, and 103 (20.8%) had non-LBBB and QRSd <150 ms. Echocardiographic response (change in ejection fraction) was better in patients with LBBB and QRSd >= 150 ms (12 +/- 12%) than in those with LBBB and QRSd <150 ms (8 +/- 10%), non-LBBB and QRSd >= 150 ms (5 +/- 9%), and non-LBBB and QRSd <150 ms (3 +/- 11%) (p < 0.0001). In a multivariate step-wise model with change in ejection fraction as the dependent variable, the presented classification was the most important independent variable (p = 0.0003). Long-term survival was better in LBBB patients with QRSd >= 150 ms (p = 0.02), but this difference was not significant after adjustment for other baseline characteristics (p = 0.15). Conclusions QRS morphology is a more important baseline electrocardiographic determinant of CRT response than QRSd. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012; 60: 592-8) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Notes: Tang, WHW (reprint author), Cleveland Clin, Inst Heart & Vasc, Dept Cardiovasc Med, 9500 Euclid Ave,J3-4, Cleveland, OH 44195 USA.[Dupont, Matthias; Rickard, John; Baranowski, Bryan; Varma, Niraj; Dresing, Thomas; Gabi, Alaa; Finucan, Michael; Wilkoff, Bruce L.; Tang, W. H. Wilson] Cleveland Clin, Inst Heart & Vasc, Dept Cardiovasc Med, Cleveland, OH 44195 USA. [Mullens, Wilfried] Hasselt Univ, Doctoral Sch Med & Life Sci, Diepenbeek, Belgium. [Mullens, Wilfried] Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Dept Cardiol, Genk, Belgium. tangw@ccf.org
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13982
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2012.03.059
ISI #: 000307463700005
ISSN: 0735-1097
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2013
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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