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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13697

Title: Active versus Passive Training of a Complex Bimanual Task: Is Prescriptive Proprioceptive Information Sufficient for Inducing Motor Learning?
Authors: Beets, Iseult A.M.
Macé, Marc
Meesen, Raf L.J.
Cuypers, Koen
Levin, Oron
Swinnen, Stephan P.
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: PLoS One, 7 (5), (ART N° e37687)
Abstract: Perceptual processes play an important role in motor learning. While it is evident that visual information greatly contributes to learning new movements, much less is known about provisison of prescriptive proprioceptive information. Here, we investigated whether passive (proprioceptively-based) movement training was comparable to active training for learning a new bimanual task. Three groups practiced a bimanual coordination pattern with a 1:2 frequency ratio and a 90° phase offset between both wrists with Lissajous feedback over the course of four days:1)passive training; 2)active training;3)no training(control). Retention findings revealed that passive as compared to active training resulted in equally succesful acquisition of the frequency ratio but active training was more effective for acquisition of the new relative phasing between the limbs in the presence of augmented visual feedback. However, when this feedback was removed, performance of the new relative phase deteriorated in both groups whereas the frequency ratio was better preserved. The superiority of active over passive training in the presence of augmented feedback is hypothesized to result from active involvement in processes of error detection/correction and planning.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13697
Link to publication: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0037687
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037687
ISI #: 000305335800071
ISSN: 1932-6203
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2013
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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