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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13054

Title: The Effect Of Pavement Markings On Driving Behavior In Curves: A Driving Simulator Study
Authors: Arien, Caroline
Brijs, Kris
Ceulemans, Wesley
Jongen, Ellen
Daniels, Stijn
Brijs, Tom
Wets, Geert
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: TRB 91th Annual Meeting Proceedings
Abstract: This study investigates the effect of two pavement markings (i.e., transverse rumble strips (TRS) and a backward pointing herringbone pattern (HP)) on speed and lateral control in and nearby curves. Two real-world curves with strong indications of a safety problem were replicated as realistic as possible in the driving simulator.. Thirty-five participants completed two 16.2 km test-drives within a randomized 2 (location: A, B) × 2 (direction: left, right) × 3 (condition: control, TRS, HP) within-subject design. Results show that both speed and lateral control differ between the two curves. These behavioral differences are probably due to curve-related dissimilarities with respect to geometric alignment, cross-sectional design and speed limit. TRS and HP both influenced speed but not lateral control. TRS generated an earlier and more stable speed reduction than HP. Additionally, at curve entry, speed was significantly lower for curves with TRS than for curves with HP. Based on these results, we recommend TRS rather than HP as a traffic calming measure nearby dangerous curves.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/13054
Link to publication: http://amonline.trb.org/1snttr/1snttr/1
ISSN: 0361-1981
Category: C2
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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