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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/12152

Title: Clinical benefits of the addition of lower extremity low-intensity resistance muscle training during early aerobic endurance training intervention in coronary artery disease patients: a randomized controlled trial.
Authors: HANSEN, Dominique
OP 'T EIJNDE, Bert
Roelands, Machteld
BROEKMANS, Tom
RUMMENS, Jean-Luc
Hensen, Karen
Daniels, Annick
Van Erum, Monique
Bonné, Kim
Reyckers, Ilse
Alders, Toon
Berger, Jan
DENDALE, Paul
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Foundation Rehabilitation Information
Citation: JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION MEDICINE, 43(9). p. 800-807
Abstract: Objectives: Muscle resistance training is often combined with aerobic endurance training during rehabilitation of patients with coronary artery disease. However, the clinical effects of additional lower-extremity low-intensity muscle resistance training during early rehabilitation (within the first month after coronary revascularization) in patients with coronary artery disease remain unclear. Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Subjects: Sixty patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: Subjects were randomly assigned to early aerobic endurance training (n=30). Subjects performed 18 (standard deviation 2) exercise sessions (at 65% VO2 peak), for 40mins/session. In resistance muscle training, additional low-intensity (12-20 repetition maximum) resistance muscle exercises were performed. The following parameters were evaluated: exercise capacity, body composition, blood lipid profile, glycaemic control, blood endothelial progenitor cell and cytokine content, and muscle performance. Results: A total of 47 patients with coronary artery disease completed the intervention. Total body lean tissue mass tended to increase with greater magnitude (p=0.07) and blood high-density lipid cholesterol content increased with significantly greater magnitude in resistance muscle training (p < 0.05), compared with aerobic endurance training. Maximal exercise capacity, ventilatory treshold, and muscle performance increased, and steady-state exercise respiratory exchange ratio, and adipose tissue mass reduced significantly (p <0.05), without differences between groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In early aerobic endurance training intervention in patients with coronary artery disease, additional low-intensity resistance muscle training contributes to a greater increase in blood high-density lipid cholesterol content, and tends to affect lean tissue mass.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/12152
Link to publication: http://www.medicaljournals.se/jrm/content/?doi=10.2340/16501977-0853
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0853
ISI #: 000295430300009
ISSN: 1650-1977
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2012
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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