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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/12006

Title: Activity-based models and four-step trip based models: a comparative research of their performance in Flanders
Authors: ZWERTS, Enid
WETS, Geert
Issue Date: 2004
Citation: Abstract proceedings of the EIRASS.
Abstract: Theoretically spoken researchers do agree that the way in which activity based models predict transport flows is more profound than the methods of traditional four-step models. An important goal of both modelling types is the same: the prediction of an OD-matrix. Where the traditional four-step models just consider individual trips made during a peak hour, the activity based approach takes a complex interaction of household and individual roles, their lifestyles, time and space constraints,... during a 24-hour period into account. Travel is seen as a derived demand from the activity participation(Mc Nally M. (2000); M. Jovicic G. (2001)). Currently, however, when it comes to practice the four-step models are still dominant. Most of this can be explained by the fact that in general the performance of the four-step model predictions is much better than the performance of the predictions made by the activity-based models(e.g.transport flows, modal split). In this paper we will desribe the results of a comparative analysis of these two types of models in the area of Flanders. From a theoretical point of view we will look at at the advantages and the disadvantages of the one above the other and we will compare the assumptions made at the beginning of each of the models. Secondly, a comparative research is carried out on the same set of data(derived from a travel behaviour study in a Flemish urban regio) with a traditional four-step model(TRIPS) and an activity-based model (ALBATROSS). A special topic of interest will be the modal split predictions in both modelling approaches. Based on the outcomes of the former stage, we will provide theoretical improvements for the performance of activity based models.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/12006
Category: C2
Type: Proceedings Paper
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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