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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/11261

Title: Life-cycle chronic gamma exposure of Arabidopsis thaliana induces growth effects but no discernable effects on oxidative stress pathways
Authors: Vandenhove, Hildegarde
VANHOUDT, Nathalie
van Hees, May
Wannijn, Jean
Horemans, Nele
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 48 (9). p. 778-786
Abstract: Arabidopsis thaliana was exposed to low-dose chronic gamma irradiation during a full life cycle (seed to seed) and several biological responses were investigated. Applied dose rates were 2336, 367 and 81 mu Gy h(-1). Following 24 days (inflorescence emergence), 34 days (similar to 50% of flowers open) and 54 days (silice ripening) exposure, plants were harvested and monitored for biometric parameters, capacities of enzymes involved in the antioxidative defence mechanisms (SOD, APOD, GLUR, GPOD, SPOD, CAT, ME), glutathione and ascorbate pool, lipid peroxidation products, altered gene expression of selected genes encoding for antioxidative enzymes or reactive oxygen species production, and DNA integrity. Root fresh weight was significantly reduced after gamma exposure compared to the control at all stages monitored but no significant differences in root weight for the different dose rates applied was observed. Leaf and stem fresh weight were significantly reduced at the highest irradiation level after 54 days exposure only. Also total plant fresh was significantly lower at silice riping and this for the highest and medium dose rate applied. The dose rate estimated to result in a 10% reduction in growth (EDR-10) ranged between 60 and 80 mu Gy h(-1). Germination of seeds from the gamma irradiated plants was not hampered. For several of the antioxidative defence enzymes studied, the enzyme capacity was generally stimulated towards flowering but generally no significant effect of dose rate on enzyme capacity was observed. Gene analysis revealed a significant transient and dose dependent change in expression of RBOHC indicating active reactive oxygen production induced by gamma irradiation. No effect of irradiation was observed on concentration or reduction state of the non-enzymatic antioxidants, ascorbate and glutathione. The level of lipid peroxidation products remained constant throughout the observation period and was not affected by dose rate. The comet assay did not reveal any effect of gamma dose rate on DNA integrity. (C) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Notes: [Vandenhove, Hildegarde; Vanhoudt, Nathalie; van Hees, May; Wannijn, Jean; Horemans, Nele] Belgian Nucl Res Ctr SCK CEN, B-2400 Mol, Belgium. [Cuypers, Ann] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. hildegarde.vandenhove@sckcen.be
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/11261
DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2010.06.006
ISI #: 000282165500007
ISSN: 0981-9428
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2011
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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