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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1009

Title: Beta-carbolines induce apoptosis in cultured cerebellar cyranule neurons via the mitochondrial pathway
Authors: Hans, G.
Malgrange, B.
Lallemend, F.
Crommen, J.
Wislet-Gendebien, S.
Belachew, S.
RIGO, Jean-Michel
Robe, P.
Rogister, B.
Moonen, G.
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Oxford : Pergamon-Elsevier
Citation: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY, 48(1). p. 105-117
Abstract: N-Butyl-beta-carboline-3-carboxylate (betaCCB) is, together with 2-methyl-norharmanium and 2,9-dimethylnorharmanium ions, an endogenously occurring beta-carboline. Due to their structural similarities with the synthetic neurotoxin 1-methy14-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), harman and norharman compounds have been proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. While also structurally related, betaCCB has received much less interest in that respect although we had previously demonstrated that it induces the apoptotic cell death of cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs). Herein, we have investigated the molecular events leading to CGN apoptosis upon betaCCB treatment. We first demonstrated that betaCCB-induced apoptosis occurs in neurons only, most likely as a consequence of a specific neuronal uptake as shown using binding/uptake experiments. Then we observed that, in betaCCB-treated CGNs, caspases 9, 3 and 8 were successively activated, suegesing an activation of the mitochondrial pathway. Consistently, betaCCB also induced the release from the mitochondrial intermembrane space of two pro-apoptotic factors. i.e. cytochrome c and apotptosis inducing factor (AIF). Interestingly, no mitochondrial membrane depolarisation was associated with this release. suggesting a mitochondrial permeability transition pore-independent mechanism. The absence of any neuroprotective effect provided by two mPTP inhibitors. i.e. cyclosporine A and bongkrekic acid. further supported this hypothesis. Together. these results show that betaCCB is specifically taken up by neuronal cells where it triggers a specific permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane and a subsequent apoptotic cell death. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1009
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2004.09.001
ISI #: 000226324400011
ISSN: 0028-3908
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2006
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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