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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1003

Title: Impaired activation-induced telomerase activity in PBMC of early but not chronic rheumatoid arthritis patients
Authors: THEWISSEN, Marielle
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS, 100(2). p. 205-210
Abstract: Although telomerase activity is important in normal immune function, it is unclear whether telomerase or telomerase (dys)regulation plays a role in the pathogenic immune response in autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we evaluated the dynamics of the activation-induced human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) response in RA patients and non-RA controls. The expression of the catalytic subunit of telomerase, hTERT, was measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of RA patients and controls after in vitro stimulation with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) using real-time PCR. Anti-CD3 mAb stimulation induced activation and proliferation of the T cells in all populations studied. In early RA patients with a disease duration of less than 1 year, the activation-induced hTERT mRNA levels were found to be reduced as compared to healthy controls (HC). Chronic RA patients, with a disease duration of more than 1 year, did not show these impaired hTERT mRNA levels after stimulation with anti-CD3 mAb. Decreased hTERT mRNA levels were also found in multiple sclerosis patients and patients suffering from flu-like symptoms, indicating that these deviations are not disease-specific. The impaired activation-induced hTERT response in PBMC may be a general response of the immune cells in cases of acute or chronic immune activation, presumably to control unwanted clonal expansions and to maintain the diversity of the TCR repertoire. Our results also indicate that clonal T cell expansions, described in RA, are probably not mediated by an elevated potency to express hTERT.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1942/1003
DOI: 10.1016/j.imlet.2005.03.007
ISI #: 000232420500017
ISSN: 0165-2478
Category: A1
Type: Journal Contribution
Validation: ecoom, 2006
Appears in Collections: Research publications

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